Demographic transition involves the following five stages:
Stage 1 High birth rate, high death rate, low population size
Stage 2 High birth rate, decreasing death rate, increasing population size
Stage 3 Decreasing birth rate, decreasing death rate, increasing population size
Stage 4 Low birth rate, low death rate, high population size
Stage 5 Low birth rate, low death rate, population size decreasing
It should be noted that stage 5 is controversial, and it is sometimes not considered to be a stage. This is partially because so few countries are at this stage.
The following graph depicts the various stages of demographic transition:
Using the stages listed above, create a demographic and environmental timeline for one industrialized country, excluding the United States. The following are a few suggested industrialized nations:
You can download the Demographic and Environmental Timeline—United States of America to review an example of such a timeline.
Include the following points in your timeline in order to examine the advantages and drawbacks of demographic transition in your selected country:
Major historical changes that caused the shift from one stage to another (if available).
Changing population size through time (increasing or decreasing).
Increase or decrease of birth and death rates through time—particularly when considering the process of industrialization.
Environmental impact of this transition.
Dates (if available), series of events, and scholarly references for these items.
Support your timeline with appropriate examples and a minimum of three credible resources.