After preparation, you are to write this exam within a continuous two-hour period without any assistance from persons or texts.
Your essays must be substantial and thorough. References to specific persons, places, and other information from the assigned readings are essential. Choose any two (2) of the following:
1. 1. Discuss the background, features, and influences of the Négritude movement of the 20th century. What were the primary roles of this movement within the African Diaspora?
2. 2. Choose one of the following regions and describe its post-slavery issues and racial challenges:
a. Cuba b. Brazil c. Haiti
3. 3. According to the assigned readings, what have been the major challenges and conflicts facing the African Diaspora in the post-World War II era? Consider especially migration and social and cultural factors.
4. 4. Focusing mostly on the 20th century, discuss some of the primary themes of art, dance, and music within the African Diaspora.