Report on the Housing Task

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Subject: Report on the Housing Task

Hazard 1

The first hazard occurring on the dwelling is falls between levels. This is a licensable HMO because the legislation of Housing Act highlights the need to construct the building well.

Falls between levels

Average Likelihood and Health Outcomes for all ages, 1997-1999

Average

HHSRS

Scores

Dwelling Type & Age                 Average likelihood                 Spread of Health Outcomes  in %

1 in                      Class 1      11           111           1V

All dwellings 20, 000 0.2 0.7

 

9.0

 

90.0

 

0 (J)

 

Justification of Estimates

There are a number of deaths that emerge from inadequate lighting. Class IV reveals the health effects that emerge from falls between levels such as lack of concentration, accidents, and death cases (Tricker & Algar 2007, p33).

 

 

Interventions

The building should have adequate open space between the sub-ground and basement to allow space and minimize falls between levels. The intervention I would use is ensuring that the building is well constructed to prevent people from falling (Tricker & Algar 2007, p35).

Hazard 2

Based on the case study, there is a hazard of the falls between hot surfaces, and this increases accidents rates. The best interventions would be taken care of the victims who have fallen on the hot surfaces. Still, it would also important to repair the building to ensure proper conditions of the tenants.

Hot surfaces

Average Likelihood and Health Outcomes for young infants and people aged 65 years and over, 1997-1999

Average

HHSRS

Scores

Dwelling Type & Age                 Average likelihood                 Spread of Health Outcomes  in %

1 in                      Class 1      11           111           1V

Houses All Ages ———— 31 8 25 36 0 (J)
Flats Pre 1920

1920-45

1946-79

Post 1979

60, 000

90, 000

130, 000

110, 000

31

31

31

31

8

8

8

8

 

25

25

25

25

 

36

36

36

36

 

5 (J)

4 (J)

3 (J)

3 (J)

All Dwellings 900, 000 31

 

8 26

 

53

 

0 (J)

 

 

Justification of Estimates

As temperature increases, the thermal stress rises triggering the body’s mechanism to sweating. Excessive heating may increase cardiovascular illness and strokes. Dehydration is a major problem for the young infants and the elderly exposed to excessive heating (Great Britain 2006, p22).

Interventions

The building should have adequate monitoring and controls to the heating systems in the dwelling. The building owner should follow the guidelines imposed on conservation of power and fuel in dwelling (Great Britain 2006, p66).

Hazard 3

The risk of Fire

The ground floor has both a burglar and fire alarm system, but this has not been extended to cover the flat. Still, the ground floor flat has a batter powered smoke alarm in the kitchen, but is not in a serviceable condition.  The residents from the dwelling are more exposed to the threats of fire and smoke in the dwelling. The most vulnerable group is all people living in the dwelling (Great Britain, Parliament Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) 2005, p22).

Fire

Average Likelihood and Health Outcomes for all people, 1997-1999

Average

HHSRS

Scores

Dwelling Type & Age                 Average likelihood                 Spread of Health Outcomes  in %

1 in                      Class 1      11           111           1V

Flats

 

Pre 1920

1920-45

1946-79

Post 1979

1, 681

3, 372

2, 729

2, 157

66.7

66.7

67.5

79.7

27.7

27.7

26.5

17.2

5.6

5.6

6.0

3.1

0

0

0

0

39 (H)

19 (1)

25 (H)

17 (1)

 

 

Justification of Estimates

The Class 1 would have the largest figure since this hazard would increase the vulnerability of death due to carbon monoxide poisoning obtained from fire. Victims may suffer from chest problems and strokes that would lead to death. Those affected may also suffer psychologically as they try to cope with the disaster caused by fire. The number of people injured from uncontrolled flames or fire, and the emotional disorders attributed by fires are represented in the Class 11, 111, and IV respectively (Muckett 2007, p22).

Interventions

The intervention I would use in this case is Fire Safety Order 2005 to protect the dwelling from fire. I would emphasize on providing safety on the residents living in the flat. I would ensure that the building owners obliged to the fire precautions outline in the mentioned legislation. The harms caused by the fire needs to be dealt with. The ground floor should be kept in good condition and extended to cover the flat. The distance should be well kept to prevent accidents from happening (Fehst, Mcdonald & Sherman 2005, p33).

Hazard 4

Falling on Stairs

The external stairwell and roof edge are unguarded; the flat roof is also used as a roof garden in the summer month. The internal staircase has no handrail, and some of the balustrades over the stairwell are missing. The most vulnerable age groups are young infants and those people aged 60 years and over.

 

Falling on stairs

Average Likelihood and Health Outcomes for all people, 1997-1999

Average

HHSRS

Scores

Dwelling Type & Age                 Average likelihood                 Spread of Health Outcomes  in %

1 in                      Class 1      11           111           1V

Flats Pre 1920

1920-45

1946-79

Post 1979

All

214

263

410

409

245

 

3.9

1.6

2.8

2.6

1.9

8.0

2.8

5.3

5.2

6.7

19.3

20.1

17.7

19.4

21.7

68.8

75.5

74.2

72.8

69.7

249 (E)

97 (G)

96 (G)

92 (G)

134 (F)

 


Justification of Estimates

Health Effects

The health effects relate directly to the flat, vertical falls of around three meters onto hand surface. Every victim exposed to this environment is exposed to harm. The interventions I would use in this case are licensable HMO. I would ensure that the building aligns to the building and strategies set in this manual. I would also ensure that the external stairwell and roof edge are guarded well and roof is used as a roof garden in the summer month. . It would be important to place handrail on the internal staircase and balustrades over the stairwell. These would minimize the number of accidents happening due to lack of handrail (Carr 2005, p22).

Interventions

Other interventions include taking care of those affected by the environment. The building owners should take care of victims who may have been victimized by the stairs. In so doing, this would encourage the victims affected by the poor construction of the building to overcome the psychological and emotional impact.

Thus far, it is evident that 62 A/B Snow Street Kedleston needs to be well dealt with to eradicate harms and dangers happening in the building. The building owner needs to understand the importance of taking care of his residents and tenants.  He should responsibly handle the issues that would cause deaths or accidents. Those affected should be taken care of, which would be a better way of encouraging them psychologically and emotionally. Still, the local authority should also be involved to manage and monitor the building. This would help the community to understand the importance of abiding to the rules and regulations set by the legislation on housing (Fehst, Mcdonald, & Sherman 2005, p33).

 

Bibliography

Carr, H 2005, The Housing Act 2004: A Practical Guide, Bristol, Jordans.

Fehst, Z., Mcdonald, R., & Sherman, P 2005, Safety Awareness, Wynnewood, Pa, Schlessinger Media.

Great Britain 2004, The Building Act 1984 And The Building Regulations, London, Tso (The Stationery Office).

Great Britain 2006,  The Building Act 1984: The Building Regulations And The Building (Approved Inspectors Etc) Regulations 2000, London, Tso (The Stationery Office).

Great Britain 2006, Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Subordinate Provisions Order 2006: Fourth Report Of Session 2005-06, London, Stationery Office.

Great Britain. Parliament. Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005. (2005). Regulatory reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005. Norwich, TSO.

Muckett, M 2007, Introduction to Fire Safety Management, Taylor & Francis.

Tricker, R., & Algar, R 2007, Building Regulations in Brief. Amsterdam, Elsevier/Butterworth-Heinemann.

 

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